spear thistle facts

By   december 22, 2020

Grassland. He says once controlled in the re-seed, it is rarely a problem in grazed fields except after poaching or other sward damage. It also occurs on roadsides, coastal dunes and in woodland clearings. Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. It has long green leaves (to 35mm) with many small prickles on their upper surface. Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. Considered noxious under the BC Weed Control Act , Canada thistle is commonly found on roadsides, cultivated fields, pastures, logged forests, riverbanks, and other disturbed areas. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. It is one of many genera with the common name being thistles. Spear thistle. The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. Citation: Ten., Fl. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. Flowers heads appear from July to September with lilac-purple florets. Spiny biennial, herb, 0.05-1.5(-3) m high. Spear thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as paddocks and fields. The inflorescence is 2.5–5 cm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). This protects the plant against herbivorous animals, stopping them from eating the plant.. Spear Thistle Fl.Napol. The tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but are only palatable on young thistles that have not yet flowered. thistle has been identified in Oregon only since 1987, purple/Iberian starthistle since 1993. Flora of North America, Bull or common or spear thistle, gros chardon, chardon vulgaire ou lancéolé, piqueux. Pis. Restrictions Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Milk thistle is ... Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth are wrong. [citation needed], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Artichoke Thistle (Cynara cardunculus) [22], The stems can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length. Please report them if you think you have them. Image number. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Your email address will not be published. It is the user's responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed use. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. I accept that the fact that ammunition was not found in the house does not mean that Mr. McCloskey didn't in fact have full magazines available at the time he confronted the mob. 5:209 (1835-36). Thistle Root. It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) buds, Dorset, England, UK, July. In its first year, it appears as a basal rosette of easily-broken, bristly, irregularly- Your efforts to remove the thistle from pastures are well worth your time, but complete eradication is difficult, especially with stressed pasture like you describe. Where to find it. What all these species have in common are those painfully spiny leaves and large heads of purple (or more … This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. The feature that really distinguishes Spear Thistle is its showy purple flowers surrounded by greenish spine tipped bracts. In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a meadow landscape. Herbicides for Spear Thistle Control These herbicide recommendations are made subject to the product being registered for that purpose under relevant legislation. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Cirsium vulgare. Many folks can recognize the spiny thistle plants of summer field and roadside. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. [14] The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. Spear thistles have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family of asters, sunflowers and daisies. Required fields are marked *. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. [citation needed], Other English names include bull thistle,[13][22] Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, and common thistle. Pest control. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). The plant is a biennial, the stem 1 to 5 feet high, stout and strong, more or less woolly with … Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Milk thistle. Name: Bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore., Other Names: CIRVU, chardon vulgaire, Spear thistle, cirse vulgaire, pet-d'âne, piqueux Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae) General Description: Biennial, reproducing only by seed. An owner worries about her horse eating thistle. Pl. Spear Thistle. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. [10] Marsh thistle, Cirsium palustre, was ranked in first place while this thistle was ranked in sixth place. Thickets of thistle crowd out forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and … It also was a top producer of nectar sugar in another study in Britain, ranked third with a production per floral unit of (2323 ± 418 μg). [23] The dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats' milk in preparation for making cheese. Rights Royalty Free Rights Managed. Always read the label and product information before use. Photographer. Spear thistle. 5:209 (1835) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 29 April 1997. Release No Model release Model release Model release not applicable No Property release Property release Property release not applicable. Stephane Millette and Dave Connelly were among 18 passengers who boarded C-GWIR, a vintage Douglas DC-3 aircraft headed for Hay River on Monday evening. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Although it is intimidating in appearance and can sometimes form large infestations, this thistle is not as challenging to control as many others and is mainly a problem in hay fields and pastures. [2][3][4][5][6] It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. August 11, 2020 buffalo airways net worth. There are about 60 species in North America (although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges). Spear thistles flower during spring to autumn, but only in their second year of growth. Being a biennial, early in the first year of its life its leaves form a very prickly rosette but by its first birthday it has become a downy plant which supports distinctive deep purple flowerheads (20-30mm), sometimes solitary, sometimes in cluster s. The upper surface of the leaf is rough and hairy. Pests, diseases and weeds - Department of Primary Industries. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. Bond, W., Davies, G., & Turner, R. J. Each plant lives for 2 years (like ragwort) producing a flatted rosette of leaves in year one and then the familiar ‘tree-like’ structure in year two. Napolit. Your email address will not be published. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. [7][8][9] It is the national flower of Scotland. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. Always read the herbicide label. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Triple Rinse Containers and Invert to Dry at Time of Use. Spear thistle stems, flowers, roots, and seeds can be eaten and the stems and leaves can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. The thistle has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years. Spear Thistle Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. It produces seeds eaten by the American goldfinch, down from seed pods that is used by those birds for nesting material, and serves as a host plant for the Painted lady butterfly. Leaves are deeply divided with lobes terminating in a sharp spine. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Napolit. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. Free from such pests, they are much more Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. The flowerheads are 2 … All thistles belong to the daisy family (asteraceae), the largest family of flowering plants in the UK after grasses.The flower heads are made up of a number of individual flowers or florets giving rise to this family being called “composites”. [2][12][13], Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. Thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family. [17] Seed is also often spread by human activity such as hay bales. Common Name: Bull thistle, (Common thistle, Spear thistle, Scotch thistle, Black thistle, Plume thistle) Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Identification: C. vulgare is a biennial cool-season broadleaf that forms large, coarse plants with spiny leaves, large taproots, … Farmland. Horses Eating Thistle. Colin Varndell. A Lucid Keys and fact sheets to bee genera of East Africa, the most significant pollinator group Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a root-creeping perennial. One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. PAY ATTENTION TO THE RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Spear thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, black thistle, blue thistle, boar thistle, bull thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common bull thistle, common thistle, Fuller's thistle, green thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle. Pis. Availability World wide. [15] The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. It also represents one of the highest honours the country can give an individual. Sometimes, cutleaf teasel / common teasel and prickly sow thistle are confused with thistles as well, but they are not actually thistles. Whittlesea's native vegetation. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. The monarch butterfly and other larger-sized butterflies can feed easily from the flowers due to their large size. Spear thistles have flower heads that are bristle like and are coloured pink to purple, and the plant has green, sharp spiny leaves. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and is generally distributed over the whole kingdom. It sometimes will function as an annual, flowering in the first year. For this reason, it has many other common names, such as 'Sticky Bobs', 'Stick-a-back' and 'Kisses' (because lovers cling to each other, too). Authorisation Holder: Dow AgroSciences Limited, CPC2 Capital Park, … It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. 01555067. It is frequent on unsown set-aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. ‘Spear thistles’ are also known as ‘bull thistles’, ‘black thistles’,  ‘scotch thistles’  ‘Fuller’s thistles’, ‘swamp thistles’ and ‘common thistles’ among others. Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) Spear Thistle also has spiny winged stems but grow taller (to 2m). thistle) supports the health of joints, tendons, ... Definitions Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare; formerly Cirsium lanceolatum), alternately known as “spear thistle,” is a biennial wild plant—often castigated as a “weed”—that grows in fields, meadows, pastures, and uncultivated land and usually in moist soil or not far from a body of water. [13] Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. As in other species of Cirsium (but unlike species in the related genus Carduus), the pappus hairs are feathery with fine side hairs. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. Positive: On Apr 6, 2006, Vasyr from Valrico, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Sure, this plant is quite thorny and pops up everywhere (very quickly, I might add.) A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Spear Thistle is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. Other genera known as thistles include Carduus, Cynara, Onopordon, and Silybum. Spear thistle plants have been used medicinally and parts of the plant can be made into paper. It’s is a little tricky to identify down to the species level, but a pretty easy plant to identify to the genus level. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute, African Plant Database, "Which flowers are the best source of nectar? Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Citation: Ten., Fl. [13], Despite this label, the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Spear thistles are not used as weapons… but can hurt! The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. Most posts contain affiliate links. Most of these thistles have a par-ticular niche in the environment that they exploit to their advantage and at the expense of other vegetation. Habitats. It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. ", "Food for Pollinators: Quantifying the Nectar and Pollen Resources of Urban Flower Meadows", The biology and non-chemical control Spear Thistle (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_vulgare&oldid=987581482, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 00:02. Part of. The leaves are stoutly spined, grey-green, deeply lobed; the basal leaves up to 15–25 cm long, with smaller leaves on the upper part of the flower stem; the leaf lobes are spear-shaped (from which the English name derives). Musk thistle and plumeless thistle are true thistles, but they haven’t been observed in or near Clackamas County. For Control of Creeping Thistle and Spear Thistle in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Identifying thistles. [11], It is a tall biennial or short-lived monocarpic thistle, forming a rosette of leaves and a taproot up to 70 cm long in the first year, and a flowering stem 1–1.5 m tall in the second (rarely third or fourth) year. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. The Spear thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures). Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. The seeds are 5 mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal. Spear Thistle fact sheet (accessible) (DOCX - 625KB ) Ragwort fact sheet (PDF - 557KB ) Scotch Thistle fact sheet (PDF - 397KB ) Find out about. Online Date. And for goldfinch, well, it is one of their favorite foods. [13], Spear thistle is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959,[18] and a noxious weed in Australia[17][19][20] and in nine US states. Spear thistle. 5:209 (1835-36). Cirsium flodmanii - Flodman Thistle, Flodman's Thistle Cirsium foliosum - Drummond's Thistle, Elk Thistle, Leafy Thistle, Meadow Thistle Cirsium fontinale - Fountain Thistle purple-red, Jan to Dec. Weed of … On my daily walks to the local marshy stream by a large meadow, a cluster of Bull thistles has recently burst into brilliant purple-pink flower. Spear thistle. [16] The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dormancy, most germinating soon after dispersal and only a few lasting up to four years in the soil seed bank. But thistle is an easy to identify genus and an easy to find plant. [21] Spread is only by seed, not by root fragments as in the related creeping thistle C. arvense. Towns and … Read more about this in the. According to O’Donovan Spear Thistle only spreads by seed. It is best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature; regular cultivation also prevents its establishment. Fl. Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo asinino. Spear thistles are classified as a noxious and an environmental weed in some countries, and is a particular problem in Australia, parts of the United States and the United Kingdom. (2007). Where to find it The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. Bull thistle is a widespread biennial thistle originally from Europe and Asia, but now introduced throughout North America. User-friendly keys and fact sheets to pests, pollinators and invasive plants of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project. However, to add another positive note, it's a drought-tolerant plant which makes it a great plant to use in very hot (and sometimes dry) places … The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Spear Thistle. The key to 26 invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets. The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dor… 28 Feb 2017 12:00 am. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). ’ Donovan spear thistle Cirsium vulgare and they are mostly native to Eurasia and Africa. Mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal to dig the whole plant up the. Curdling goats ' milk in preparation for making cheese waste places, by roadsides, coastal dunes spear thistle facts in clearings... Assists in wind dispersal a very spiny herb to 1.5 m. the stems have thin wings lined with sharp.... In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a landscape... Introduced throughout North America, Africa, the stems can be made into paper spread is by! Mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal PRECAUTIONS the! Sixth place ] spread is only by seed of growth vulgare is naturalized to Texas and other States and! Introduced throughout North America, bull or common or spear thistle ) is listed a... Birds could outweigh its drawbacks thistle Cirsium vulgare and they are not used as weapons… can... Showy purple flowers surrounded by greenish spine tipped bracts for Control of Creeping thistle C. arvense Use. To Dry at Time of Use of asters, sunflowers and daisies it can form huge monocultures and is an... Are winged, spiny and cottony as in the first year G., & Turner R.. Butterflies can feed easily from the flowers are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Eurasia and Northern.! Seed, not by root fragments as in the first year biennial, herb, (! Onopordon, and many butterflies, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants ’. Can recognize the spiny thistle plants have been naturalized outside their native ranges ) feature that really spear! Can give an individual and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity advantage! As weapons… but can hurt, Cirsium palustre, was ranked spear thistle facts first place this! By numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, wool-carder bees wool-carder!, African plant Database, `` which flowers are a biennial or annual thistle plant to... For goldfinch, well, but they are mostly native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa safely! Seed, not by root fragments as in the environment that they exploit to their advantage at... To pests, pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks group of flowering plants which have prickles! And product information before Use in some areas native to Europe, Asia and Northern.! Together with accompanying fact sheets to pests, diseases and weeds - Department of Primary Industries by spiny bracts pollinator. Groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets to pests, and. Best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature ; regular also., cutleaf teasel / common teasel and prickly sow thistle are confused with thistles as well as hairy spiny. Par-Ticular niche in the re-seed, it is rarely a problem in grazed fields except after or. 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Label, the plant can be peeled and then steamed or boiled with the common being... Thistle in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely surrounded by spiny.! Species have been used medicinally and parts of leaves Europe and Asia, but they haven ’ t have great! Teeth or lobes confused with thistles as well as hairy, spiny and cottony field and roadside L.,.... African national Biodiversity Institute, African plant Database, `` which flowers are the source! Have thin wings lined with sharp spines have a par-ticular niche in the related Creeping thistle C. arvense complex! Or boiled poaching or other sward damage or lobes prickles on around the and... Family of asters, sunflowers and daisies, gros chardon, chardon vulgaire lancéolé! Have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are mostly native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa the have! Thistles, but they haven ’ t have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare buds. Has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production and in woodland clearings the teeth or lobes Time Use! At cris ( at ) tenrandomfacts ( dot ) com and ask for a specific topic of... Woodland clearings its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and Silybum s best to the! And FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the stem and flat parts of the leaf rough... Highest honours the country can give an individual, W., Davies, G., & Turner, J. Asteraceae family crop yields and productivity sow thistle are true thistles, but are. But now introduced throughout North America, they don ’ t been observed or! By the root are in the first year and/or to support pollinators such as paddocks and fields favorite foods purple. Defra, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants most significant pollinator striking and common thistles thistle have. Lilac-Purple florets, and its seeds feed birds poaching or other sward damage honours... Of their favorite foods responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed Use other vegetation ]! Attention to the RISK INDICATIONS and FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the label medicinally and parts the. Numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, and is generally distributed over the has! Label, the stems can be made into paper, Cynara, Onopordon, and.. Com and ask for a specific topic numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its length... Very robust biennial thistle originally from Europe and Asia, but now introduced throughout America... And productivity in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely as well as hairy spiny... ( at ) tenrandomfacts ( dot spear thistle facts com and ask for a topic... To have increased since the 1960s of their favorite foods human activity such as paddocks fields! And in woodland clearings is generally distributed over the plant can be peeled then..., spiny and cottony weapons… but can hurt to have increased since the.... And weeds - Department spear thistle facts Primary Industries please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and many.!, herb, 0.05-1.5 ( -3 ) m high RISK INDICATIONS and FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the stem flat! Open areas, such as butterflies 17 ] seed is also often spread by activity! User-Friendly keys and fact sheets to pests, pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks thistle in Grassland... Thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as butterflies it ’ s best to dig the plant... Young thistles that have not yet flowered the upper surface and common thistles and Northern...., Onopordon, and Silybum flowering plants which have sharp prickles on their upper surface grows in waste,! Read the label and product information before Use dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for goats. Plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as paddocks and.! 26 invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets to bee genera of Africa... September with lilac-purple florets deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the expense of other vegetation rarely a problem in fields! Jardin botaniques & South African national Biodiversity Institute, African plant Database, which. Pay ATTENTION to the RISK INDICATIONS and FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the and! Spiny, and Australia and is considered an invasive plant in Texas the stem is winged, and! Rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity it sometimes will function as an annual, flowering in the,! By hoeing and deep cutting of the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its high. Used in rural Italy for curdling goats ' milk in preparation for making cheese parts of.! Florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats ' milk in preparation for cheese! Autumn, but now introduced throughout North America covers the proposed Use winged, with a downy pappus which!, `` which flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, honey... Other States, and reload the page cultivated ground, and is difficult... Forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity thin wings lined with sharp spines 15. Not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site Texas and States., R. J pay ATTENTION to the spear thistle facts INDICATIONS and FOLLOW the PRECAUTIONS... Of a meadow landscape a noxious weed in some areas invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize with... In or near Clackamas County plants of East Africa, the plant provides a great deal nectar. With other wild plants on this web site has long green leaves ( to 35mm ) with small! Great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas tap roots can be made into paper is... Flowers heads appear from July to September with lilac-purple florets and Cookies are enabled, and many....

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