In addition to permanent constellations, the southern hemisphere hosts rare astronomical events, such as total solar eclipses. thanks Centaurus A (7) Centaurus. I have seen m31, but thats the only one so far. The Carina Nebula (NGC 3372) is perhaps the greatest showpiece of the Southern Hemisphere sky. It’s smaller ... Alpha Centauri. In this article I’ve extracted data from the database of a popular Australian Astronomical software package, to produce the following list of the 100 Brightest Galaxies South of 0° Declination. Binoculars = 10 It's the second brightest star in the night sky, and mainly visible from the Southern Hemisphere. Australian stargazing: what to see in the southern hemisphere night sky. For a list of all satellite galaxies, see Milky Way & Andromeda Satellite Galaxies. The first detailed 30cm radio map of the southern sky — which includes everything a telescope can see from its location in the Southern Hemisphere … Canis Major was one of the most important constellations in ancient times because the brightest star in the sky is part of it. Some stars, constellations, and even galaxies remain hidden from the sight of stargazers in the Northern Hemisphere, and their stories are unknown. 100 Brightest Galaxies for Southern Observers Submitted: Friday, 13th January 2006 by Paul Mayo Common lists of Astronomical Objects have historically been compiled by Astronomy pioneers and more recently by institutes like the Space Science Telescope Institute (STScI) who compiled the first Guide Star Catalogue to meet the operational needs of the Hubble Space Telescope. The … * up to 8 with perfect eyes under ideal skies. In addition to permanent constellations, the southern hemisphere hosts rare astronomical events, such as total solar eclipses. With only 12 percent of the world’s population living south of the Equator, the jewels in the southern night sky can stay half-secret. No need for a telescope — the galaxies are so close that they appear much bigger than anything else visible from Earth. The Andromeda galaxy, which lies within the constellation, is the furthest object that can be seen with the naked eye, it is 2.5 million light years from Earth. If you want to see more color, use an astrophotography camera. As Dartmouth is a … Galactic delights include Centaurus A (NGC 5128), the fifth-brightest galaxy crossed by a distinctive dust lane, and the Great Rift in the Milky Way, a dark lane that divides the Milky Way’s bright band lengthwise. Two nearby galaxies, M31 in Andromeda, and M33 in Triangulum are visible in binoculars on either side of Andromeda’s main line of stars if you have clear dark skies. Caldwell Star Clusters. These are the brightest and most interesting galaxies listed in the Caldwell Catalog. No need for a telescope — the galaxies are so close that they appear much bigger than anything else visible from Earth. Northern newcomers have been heard to utter that the southern hemisphere is too cloudy, until being told that those hazy patches are actually close-by galaxies. At a distance of 170,000 light years away from the earth, Large Magellanic is only a satellite galaxy of our own Milky Way at size of about one tenth of the our galaxy. Or which are the 50 Brightest Planetary Nebulae in Southern Skies? The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds are, by virtue of their closeness, the brightest galaxies — of any type — period. M31 (right) is the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way; 2.5 million light years away, which makes it … Like Centaurus, Sagittarius is a centaur, but he has a man riding atop him. The table data originates from the Lyon-Muedon Extra-Galactic (LEDA) database, or more commonly, the Principal Galaxy Catalogue (PGC1996). Intergalactic Wanderer (10.) Caldwell Galaxies. In the Northern Hemisphere, the rate can reach about 30 meteors per hour. It is one of the most conspicuous and recognizable constellations in the night sky. Whale galaxy (9.3) Canes Venatici. Also see list of 91 galaxies for a list of notable named galaxies. The ringed planet … To Māori they were Pātari-rangi or Ngā Pātari. The brightest true stars are in the east and south. Magnitude values generally apply to point-like objects such stars. The brightest star in Sculptor is Alpha Sculptoris and is located about 13.70 light years from the Sun. Sirius, the brightest of all the stars is due east at dusk, often twinkling like a diamond. Large Magellanic cloud, not so surprisingly is also the closest one to planet earth. Here is a view of the night sky for December 2020. Counted amongst the riches that belong to the southern celestial sphere are an astonishing array of beautiful deep-sky objects, including the naked-eye galaxies known as the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds; the globular clusters 47 Tucanae and Omega Centauri; the Helix Nebula and Coalsack Nebula; and the Jewel Box open cluster; to name but a few. The SMC and the LMC, dwarf galaxies that orbit the Milky Way, are filled with dense star fields and a major reason why the world’s biggest telescopes are situated south of the equator. (1986) result that galaxy counts on scales to at least 15h^-1^ Mpc are systematically higher in the direction of the major axes of brightest cluster galaxies. Southern Hemisphere dwellers. Centaurus is around 11 to 12 million light years away from us. Hubble space telescope = 30 The Andromeda Galaxy and Triangulum Galaxy were noticeable “smudges” in the night sky. The southern sky is full of interesting objects, many of which go unseen in the northern hemisphere. Article by Paul Mayo (PhotonCollector). 8" (200mm) telescope = 14 To find Achernar it is easiest to imagine a line extending through the long axis of the Southern Cross. M1 is located on the southern horn of Taurus, the bull shaped constellation southeast of Orion. The Andromeda galaxy, which lies within the constellation, is the furthest object that can be seen with the naked eye, it is 2.5 million light years from Earth. The Jewel Box. Now a new Guide Star Catalogue, GSC-2, is in production and the catalogue already contains data for more than 450-Million Stars and Non-Stellar Objects. Beta Centauri. He recorded it as: "pretty faint, round, 30 arcseconds. New Zealand also has a superb view of the Large & Small Magellanic Clouds - two extraordinary galaxies visible to the naked eye that are too far south for northern hemisphere viewers. Find your inner astronomer. 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