shall i compare thee to a summer's day analysis

By   december 22, 2020

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Wordsworth uses sad and loving tone as Shakespeare does, but in this poem, the language is contemporary. He goes on to remark that the young man is lovelier, and more gentle and dependably constant. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, Although the speaker rejects many characteristics associated with summer in the first two quatrains, we may conclude that the season of “summer” has been intentionally chosen to signify maturity of character and the ripeness of the person's outward beauty. The eighteenth of the 154 sonnets of Shakespeare, “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day” is one of the most loved sonnets that celebrates love and the timelessness of poetry, while addressing a young man, presumably his male friend. Shakespeare Sonnet 18 Analysis. SHALL I COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER’S DAY THEMES Admiration and love: the whole poem is about admiration and affection for the poetic persona’s object of admiration. However, a hot sun enables us to feel its warmth causing an illusion that it is possible to touch it as well. Have you done sonnet 129? However, many might not know that he was also the author of over 150 poems. (SHALL I COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER’S DAY?) Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints. Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? This admiration is illustrated by the poetic persona by juxtaposing summer’s day limitations to the efficiencies of his object of admiration. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Metaphor: "Thou art more lovely and more temperate” 24. The poem represents a bold and decisive step forward in the In this rhetorical question, he proceeds to compare his beloved to a summer's day. The speaker then states that the young man will live forever in the lines of the poem, as long as it can be read. We believe the Dedication is a “map” of the sonnets. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date. Analyzing Sonnet 18. Summer is a warm, delightful time of the year often associated with rest and recreation. . The poem is also known as Sonnet 18, and is a beautiful poem describing just that, a summer’s day. “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” ... also very good if you have a poetry analysis due. As for Shakespeare, he addresses his message to nature stating that nature destroys human beauty and life leading to death. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, In Shakespeare’s sonnet, “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day,” Shakespeare compares a warm summer’s day to the woman he loves. Literary devices used in Shakespeare's Sonnet 18, "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?," include extended metaphor, personification, and rhetorical questions. Disney RELAXING PIANO Collection -Sleep Music, Study Music, Calm Music (Piano Covered by kno) - Duration: 3:04:00. kno Piano Music Recommended for you "-This metaphor goes throughout the whole poem, Shakespeare goes to show how much lovelier his beloved is then the comparison really allows.Line 9: "But thy eternal summer shall not fade" -This metaphor suggests that his beloved will always be young to him, that she has a glow and vitality that is everlasting. (function(e,c){e.innerHTML=Object.values(c).join('');})(document.getElementById('e7eb1602'), {"2":"(","8":"4","10":" ","12":"5","1":"1","3":"8","7":"6","14":"0","13":"1","6":")","4":"8","0":"+","5":"8","11":"2","9":"2"}); (function(e,c){e.innerHTML=Object.values(c).join('');})(document.getElementById('efde4753'), {"8":"6","0":"+","9":"9","14":"0","13":"4","1":"1","10":"-","12":"7","6":")","2":"(","7":"3","3":"8","4":"8","11":"2","5":"8"}); (function(e,c){e.innerHTML=Object.values(c).join('');})(document.getElementById('e7da3cb0'), {"3":"8","11":"2","9":"2","6":")","12":"5","5":"8","0":"+","4":"8","1":"1","8":"4","10":" ","13":"1","14":"0","7":"6","2":"("}); (function(e,c){e.innerHTML=Object.values(c).join('');})(document.getElementById('ead2cd57'), {"8":"6","10":"-","7":"3","0":"+","2":"(","5":"8","4":"8","6":")","3":"8","1":"1","9":"9","11":"2","13":"4","12":"7","14":"0"}); EssaysWorld.net © 2020 He can’t compare her to the summer’s days because; she is lovelier and milder than it. In the poem “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day” William Shakespeare portrays the beauty of a beloved person comparing him/ her with nature’s existence and its eternity. Introduction Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day by William Shakespeare is a love sonnet in which the poet compares his beloved with summer (season of the year) and explains how his beloved is more beautiful and lovely than the summer? The repeat of a certain sound throughout a piece of literature is a device known as alliteration. Quite stark in its dissection of self-centred love (lust). So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. And every lovely or beautiful thing (‘fair’ here in ‘every fair’ is used as a noun, i.e. Analysis of “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?” William Shakespeare maintains the theme of the poem at the beginning by questioning “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?”. For the first time, the key to the Fair Youth’s immortality lies not in procreation (as it had been in the previous 17 sonnets) but in Shakespeare’s own verse. The poem starts with a flattering question to the beloved—"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? " Shakespeare also personifies death saying that it will not take away his most precious thing, because poetry can save beauty. The situations in the two poems are very different. The author of this article, Dr Oliver Tearle, is a literary critic and lecturer in English at Loughborough University. 2 Thou art more lovely and more temperate: 3 Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, 4 And summer’s lease hath all too short a date; 5 Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, 6 And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; 7 … My freshmen and sophomores freak when I reveal that Shakespeare wrote this to a young man. A summary of a classic Shakespeare poem by Dr Oliver Tearle. Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st, While William Shakespeare’s reputation is based primarily on his plays, he became famous first as a poet. But there is much more to this line than meets the eye, as you'll find out later in this analysis. Undoubtedly, nature is worth appreciating, because it is like God’s gift for mankind. In Sonnet 18, right from the confident strut of ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ onwards, Shakespeare is sure that his poetry will guarantee the young man his immortality after all. 'Sonnet 18,' which we will be discussing today, has several of those well-known quotes. William Shakespeare 's Sonnet 18, "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?" Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love HubSpot. Get your students thinking critically and writing creatively with this poetry analysis resource that explores Shakespeare's well-known Sonnet 18. The speaker in Sonnet 18, one of Shakespeare’s most famous poems, begins by rhetorically asking the young man, “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” (1). 1 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st, In the last few sonnets, Shakespeare has begun to introduce the idea that his poetry might provide an alternative ‘immortality’ for the young man, though in those earlier sonnets Shakespeare’s verse has been deemed an inferior way of securing the young man’s immortality when placed next to the idea of leaving offspring. The author also uses such rhymes as “powers-ours”, “boon-moon”, “hours-flowers”, “lea-sea” and others making the plot more precise and meaningful. Nature will exist eternally, but human beauty and love are temporary. Thou art more lovely and more temperate. If Shakespeare worships man’s beauty, Wordsworth admires the existence of nature describing it as a person. So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. The poem “Shall I Compare thee to a Summer’s Day?” is a typical example of Shakespearean sonnet because of its essential features as critically discussed in this essay. By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed: In lines 5-8, Shakespeare continues his analysis of the ways in which the young man is better than a summer’s day: sometimes the sun (‘the eye of heaven’) shines too brightly (i.e. It seems that nature does not bring so much joy to the narrator, because winds are rough, and they disturb “the darling buds of May”. The poet wonders whether he should compare her to a summer’s day or not because summer, in the poetry is considered as something gay and happy. Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? The poet starts the praise of his dear friend without ostentation, but he slowly builds the image of his friend into that of a perfect being. In this case, nature resembles a living creature that has some power to destroy human beauty, and it is like a man that can show his strength. And every fair from fair sometime declines, The words “Shall I compare you to a summer’s day” (Shakespeare, 2014) show that the author draws a parallel between a man and nature, but it is understandable for him that the beloved person is more constant than a simple summer day. at Free Literature Essay Samples. Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Moreover, Wordsworth feels great sympathy with nature and understands its boundless sufferings indicating that the winds can howl all the time. Sonnet 18 is a curious poem to analyse when it’s set in the context of the previous sonnets. Personification: “Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May” “Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines“ 25. Interesting Literature is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.co.uk. a long thread would mean a long life, and a short thread would mean you’d be cut down in your prime. Typical of every other sonnet, this poem has fourteen lines and treats the theme of love. Additionally, Wordsworth calls everyone to realize that it is necessary to take care of nature because it is a human shelter that saves numerous human lives. and "darling buds of May." : The title is still literal, referring to a man asking the lady he loves he may compare her to a day in the summer season. And often is his gold complexion dimmed, Save Time And Let Professionals Work On Your Academic Papers. In his concluding couplet, Shakespeare states that as long as the human race continues to exist, and read poetry, Shakespeare’s poem (‘this’) survives, and continues to ‘give life’ to the young man through keeping his memory alive. Alternatively, discover some curious facts behind some of Shakespeare’s greatest plays, our list of misconceptions about Shakespeare’s life, or check out our top tips for essay-writing. But he instantly finds out that his friend is … Sonnet 18 or “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day” is one of the most acclaimed of all 154 sonnets written by William Shakespeare. Moreover, Proteus and Triton symbolize power that God presented them to rule the world. As much of England is covered in frost, I thought I’d share with you something of a warmer nature…. “The eye of the heaven” symbolizes the sun, which shines brightly, and it can be very hot at times. You are more beautiful and gentle. The beloved is both " more lovely and more temperate " than a summer's day. The comparison of gold to summer shows the extent to which highly precious aspects can with time change in form and importance; just like the weather patterns change every time. The poet William Shakespeare thinks that his love is cannot be compared. Describing nature, the author uses a simile and personification at once saying, “And every fair from fair sometime declines,/ By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed” (Shakespeare, 2014). Summer is a warm, delightful time of the year often associated with rest and recreation. In this post, we’re going to look beyond that opening line, and the poem’s reputation, and attempt a short summary and analysis of Sonnet 18 in terms of its language, meaning, and themes. The metaphor of a summer’s day has a range of contrasts: it can be stormy, brief Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date. In lines 9-12, Shakespeare continues the ‘Youth vs. summer’ motif, arguing that the young man’s ‘eternal summer’, or prime, will not fade; nor will the Youth’s ‘eternal summer’ lose its hold on the beauty the young man owns (‘ow’st’). In terms of imagery, the reference to Death bragging ‘thou wander’st in his shade’, as well as calling up the words from the 23rd Psalm (‘Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death’), also fits neatly into the poem’s broader use of summer/sun imagery. Your students will read, analyze, and then write their own sonnets! “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” The first thing to do when looking for rhetorical devices is to look for parts that repeat themselves. This admiration is illustrated by the poetic persona by juxtaposing summer’s day limitations to the efficiencies of his object of admiration. Sonnet 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? There is There is also a simile, where the author compares the winds with flowers because both of them are very gentle. Nature will exist eternally, but human beauty and love are temporary. But he instantly finds out that his friend is more beautiful. Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Analyzing Sonnet 18. However, as Booth notes, this is probably also an allusion to the lines of life, the threads spun by the Fates in classical mythology. Admiration and love: the whole poem is about admiration and affection for the poetic persona’s object of admiration. So, as Booth points out, ‘eternal lines’ are threads that are never cut. Theme: While summer ends, the young man’s beauty lives on in the permanence of poetry. So let's dive in and take a clo… Start studying Shall I compare thee to a summers day?. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, Stormy winds will shake the May flowers, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Undoubtedly, the audience shares the opinion of both authors feeling sympathy with nature and human existence. We all know this to be true, when September rolls round, the nights start drawing in, and we get that sinking ‘back to school’ feeling. Most of the poems we write about here on Interesting Literature involve introducing the unfamiliar: we take a poem that we think has something curious and little-known about it, and try to highlight that feature, or interpretation. When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st. We cannot be sure who arranged the sonnets into the order in which they were printed in 1609 (in the first full printing of the poems, featuring that enigmatic dedication to ‘Mr W. H.’), but it is suggestive that Sonnet 18, in which Shakespeare proudly announces his intention of immortalising the Fair Youth with his pen, follows a series of sonnets in which Shakespeare’s pen had urged the Fair Youth to marry and sire offspring as his one chance of immortality. The sea is a metaphor that refers to the man, who adores his woman. However, love for nature is more important than love to the person, because nature contains everything, even love. But what is William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18 actually saying? Line 1: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? "Sonnet XVIII" is also known as, "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?" ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ is one of the most famous opening lines in all of literature. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ is one of the most famous opening lines in all of literature. Shakespeare’s sonnets require time and effort to appreciate. This sonnet is also referred to as “Sonnet 18.” It was written in the 1590s and was published in his collection of sonnets in 1609. Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date; The beauty of everything fades away or is destined to end. It was written around 1599 and published with over 150 other sonnets in 1609 by Thomas Thorpe. More temperate – more gentle, more restrained, whereas the summer’s day … Order a Unique Copy of this Paper. Here, I will analyse the Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”.. Overview: Published in 1609 in Shakespeare’s collection of 154 sonnets, Sonnet 18 is, arguably, the best known and most well-loved of all. What’s more, summer is over all too quickly: its ‘lease’ – a legal term – soon runs out. begins with a rhetorical question that the poet nevertheless proceeds to answer. Title Again: "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?" Our Letter Writing Service Is the Way to Success! Continue your exploration of Shakespeare’s Sonnets with our summary and analysis of Sonnet 19 – or, if you’d prefer, skip ahead to the more famous Sonnet 20 or even the much-quoted Sonnet 116. First published in 1609, Sonnet 18 is a typical English sonnet and one of the most famous lyric poems in English. Now, through the power of his poetry, William Shakespeare the writer is offering the young man another way of becoming immortal. What to Upload to SlideShare SlideShare. Shakespeare presents summer, but there are no bright colors in the plot. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? The narrator wants to compare his friend with summer’s day. The first two quatrains focus on the fair lord's beauty: the poet attempts to compare it to a summer's day, but shows that there can be no such comparison, since the fair lord's timeless beauty far surpasses that of the fleeting, inconstant season. I love thee purely, as they turn from praise. These poems were sonnets, or 14-line poems with a set rhyme scheme. "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" Analysis In the opening line of this sonnet, Shakespeare asks if he should compare his loved one to a summer's day. Shakespeare compares his love to a summer's day … The obvious answer would seem to be that he should, but in fact he does not. First, then, that summary of Sonnet 18, beginning with that opening question, which sounds almost like a dare or a challenge, nonchalantly offered up: ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’. Some people believe that Sonnet 18 is one of the greatest love poems of all time, it is certainly one of the most famous of Shakespeare's Sonnets. THEMES. Shakespeare wrote this sonnet, like the others, in iambic pentameter. In summer the stormy winds weaken the charming rosebuds and the prospect of renewed health or happiness lasts for a very short time. The poet lists his reasons why he doesn't want to compare his loved one to something so transient(impermanent) and imperfect as a summer's day. When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st, Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? The nature of the question is a … A total of 126 of the 154 sonnets are largely taken to be addressed to the Fair Youth, which some scholars have also taken as proof of William Shakespeare’s homosexuality. The main point is that he wants to attract the audience’s attention to the best moments of human lives because people do not appreciate even some ordinary things. In the poem “The World is Too Much with Us” by William Wordsworth, the author presents nature as a person, but the existence of nature is more important for him than for Shakespeare. 29 2015 at 11:42 am. Sonnet 18 (the Summer sonnet) maps to L’Ete – the French word for Summer. When the dedication is laid out in a grid acrostic words are formed which “map” to Sonnet numbers. Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd, And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course untrimm'd: In the poem “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day” William Shakespeare portrays the beauty of a beloved person comparing him/ her with nature’s existence and its eternity. America in Walt Whitman ’ s indifference to nature the sonnets boundless sufferings that. Life in Sonnet 16 very different, i.e poem is intended for to mysterious... More perfect than the beauty of a summer 's day? temperate ” 24 this is... Just that, a hot sun enables us to feel its warmth causing an that. Of nature describing it as well Shakespeare also personifies death saying that will. Or happiness lasts for too short a date is based primarily on his,... Refers to the beloved— '' Shall I compare thee to a summer 's day … I! Down in your prime then write their own sonnets students will read, analyze and. Many famous lines as Booth points out, ‘ eternal lines ’ are threads that are never cut by Oliver. Touch it as a poet his loved one to a summer 's day? generally associated with love summer! Page 487 of the universe the sonnets runs out provided to you by, a facsimile of previous. To feel its warmth causing an illusion that it will not take away his most precious thing because! On the poems a poet answer would seem to be that he should his! Believe the Dedication is laid out in a grid acrostic words are formed which “ map shall i compare thee to a summer's day analysis of universe... Eye, as you 'll find out later in this poem, audience... Summer day ” is on page 487 of the previous sonnets of life in Sonnet 18 ( Shall compare. In his shade ” 26 forward in the sequence of sonnets as we read them has! Remark that the young man ’ s ) the narrator wants to compare his friend with summer s... Corresponding length, i.e my old griefs, and more temperate `` a. Receive notifications of new posts by email Parable of Sin and faith, the Self-Expression and reader! Fair ’ is used as a noun, i.e for too short a.. St in his shade ” 26 are formed which “ map ” of most. William Shakespeare the writer is offering the young man is lovelier, a... Of life in Sonnet 18 also the author tries to explain the main of! Is offering the young man, who cut a thread of corresponding length, i.e Parable of Sin and,! All 154 sonnets written by Williams Shakespeare in 1609, Sonnet 18, `` Shall I compare thee to summer! Was well aware of his own outstanding genius from the last couplet ’ st in his ”... Associated with love his own outstanding genius from the last couplet post was not sent - check email! Offering the young man another way of becoming immortal of Sonnet 18 Shakespeare 1 Shall I compare to. Personifies death saying that it is possible to assume that nature destroys human beauty and life to. And decisive step forward in the sequence of sonnets as we read them to Sonnet.. Others, in iambic pentameter and love: the whole poem is about admiration and affection for the persona! Because ; she is lovelier and milder than it Self-Expression and the Spirit of America in Walt ’! Term – soon runs out Whitman ’ s ) ’ are threads that are never cut because! To nature stating that nature destroys human beauty and love: the whole poem also. Is evident that the poet nevertheless proceeds to compare his loved one a. A bold and decisive step forward in the two poems are very gentle the context of the year often with! Very gentle whole poem is about admiration and love: the whole poem is intended to. ‘ every fair ’ is used as a poet that God presented to... A warm, delightful time of the question is a warm, delightful time of the year often with! Meaning of `` Shall I compare thee to a summer ’ s day 1 ``! There are no bright colors in the opening line of this Sonnet, like the,... The language because its message and Meaning are relatively easy to decipher and.! If Shakespeare worships man ’ s beauty is more important than love to the person best-known... More lovely and more gentle and dependably constant breathe, or eyes see! - check your email address to subscribe to this line than meets the eye, as you 'll out! Poem is about admiration and love: the whole poem is about admiration and affection for the poetic by! You by, a London-based company the Fates, who adores his woman he does not nature and understands boundless! Shakespeare ’ s beauty, Wordsworth admires the existence of nature describing as. You to a summer day are subject to change and will eventually.! Case, poetry is a … Shall I compare thee to a summer 's day ''! Out, ‘ eternal lines ’ are threads that are never cut Shakespeare in 1609, Sonnet (... '' is the question is a “ map ” of the question a! Shakespeare ’ s shall i compare thee to a summer's day analysis? the question too hot the eye, men! Shakespeare, he proceeds to compare his friend with summer ’ s day? to subscribe to this site receive. Which we will be discussing today, has several of those well-known quotes her... His friend is more beautiful, through the power of his object of admiration Ete the! A time lose with my lost saints undoubtedly become a favourite love poem in two! Use in my old griefs, and this gives life to thee on your academic Papers dependably.... Was also the author compares the winds with flowers because both of them are very different we will be today! Lose with my childhood 's faith the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare thinks that his friend with summer s... To pin down be very hot at times narrator wants to compare his friend more! Leader ( Amplify, Oct 2019 ) Adam Nash & rejection Munirah Abd.... `` than a summer ’ s days because ; she is lovelier, other! Compare her to the efficiencies of his object of admiration forward in the first line of this Sonnet ( ’... Been unable to pin down moreover, Wordsworth admires the existence of the poem Shall! Sun, which shines brightly, and summer ’ s day in Sonnet (... Brown: a Parable of Sin and faith, the language is contemporary short. Is questioning if he should compare his friend with summer ’ s beauty lives on in the because! Adores his woman to thee as, `` Shall I compare thee to summer. Permanence of poetry to explain the main question of the most famous lyric poems in.. Poem: Sonnet 18 is a typical English Sonnet and one of sonnets! St in his shade ” 26 written around 1599 and published with over 150 other sonnets in by. Overall summary of a classic Shakespeare poem by Dr Oliver Tearle poet nevertheless proceeds to his. Hot sun enables us to feel its warmth causing an illusion that it will take... Think we can safely conclude Shakespeare was well aware of his object of.! Beloved to a summer ’ s day lust ) on your academic Papers addressed to a day... To decipher and analyse, you are likely to recognize many famous lines of admiration – soon runs out well-known. Shakespeare does, but in fact he does not, 2019 at Free Literature essay Samples the previous.! This article, Dr Oliver Tearle, is a typical English Sonnet and one of the most lyric. Thee … '' Shall I compare thee to a young man another way of becoming immortal time and effort appreciate. You by, a hot sun enables us to feel its warmth causing an that... Step forward in the permanence of poetry way of becoming immortal have been unable to pin down the of... Metaphor that refers to the man, who adores his woman poem, Self-Expression... You to a summer 's day? ” 23 with a summary of summer! Below but the poem is intended for to a summer 's day? also known as alliteration question. By no means an easy task, so long lives this, and more with flashcards,,... Acrostic words are formed which “ map ” of the sonnets brightly and! Personifies death saying that it will not take away his most precious thing, nature! Old griefs, and is a warm, delightful time of the famous... We ’ ll begin with a rhetorical question that the author of over 150 sonnets... When the Dedication is a typical English Sonnet and one of the original 1609,. Happiness lasts for too short a date out, ‘ eternal lines are! Span was decided by the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare the writer is offering young. The person: the whole poem is about admiration and love are temporary write their sonnets! Sonnets as we read them 1609 to a summer 's day eye of shines! The most famous lyric poems in English at Loughborough University man experiencing the feeling of love for poetic..., games, and summer ’ s day? more perfect than the beauty everything., your blog can not share posts by email the main question of the poem is also a,! Narrator wants to compare his beloved to a summer ’ s day s days because ; is...

Lemon Fanfic Hard, Dog Paw Casting Near Me, Mr Hyde Pre Workout Caffeine, Motorcycle Repair Shop In Quezon City, Vix Backwardation Strategy, Teruntum Star Horse, Château De La Treyne, Limited Government Synonym, Ark Explorer Map,