In 1998, the Modern Library published a list of the best 100 English-language novels of the 20th century. Another prominent writer in this genre, Douglas Adams, is particularly associated with the comic science fiction work, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, which began life as a radio series in 1978. South Africa's Alan Paton's famous Cry, the Beloved Country dates from 1948. The novel helped to reinvigorate Rhys’s struggling career as a writer (essentially, as a modernist novelist and short-story writer), and shows how our attitudes to empire were shifting by the mid-twentieth century and the breakup of the British empire. Subsequently, the story has been adapted for television, film, a musical and other media. Stoppard's works are however also notable for their high-spirited wit and the great range of intellectual issues which he tackles in different plays. Recommended edition: Ulysses (Oxford World’s Classics). The Patrick Melrose Novels (Edward St Aubyn, 1992-2012) 81. Important British writers between the World Wars, include the Scottish poet Hugh MacDiarmid (1892–1978), who began publishing in the 1920s, and novelists Virginia Woolf (1882–1941), E. M. Forster (1879–1970) (A Passage to India, 1924), Evelyn Waugh (1903–66), P. G. Wodehouse (1881–1975) (who was not a modernist) and D. H. Lawrence. His stature in modern literature has been contested, but probably the most common critical view from the 1930s onward ranked him as one of the three major twentieth-century British poets, and heir to Eliot and Yeats. Synge's most famous play, The Playboy of the Western World, "caused outrage and riots when it was first performed" in Dublin in 1907. 05.04 Understanding 20th Century Poetry 1910 1930 1900 "The Job" by Sinclair Lewis is published in 1917 and is an early delaration of womens rights in thhe United States. Angela Carter (1940–92) was a novelist and journalist, known for her feminist, magical realism, and picaresque works. Offred, the protagonist (not her real name, but one which denotes that she belongs to a man named Fred: ‘Of Fred’), is a Handmaid, a fertile woman who is kept by a male ‘Commander’ for the purposes of breeding. His book The Buddha of Suburbia (1990) won the Whitbread Award for the best first novel, and was also made into a BBC television series. Lessing soon became a dominant presence in the English literary scene, frequently publishing right through the century, and won the nobel prize for literature in 2007. The Best English-Language Fiction of the Twentieth Century A Composite List and Ranking by Brian Kunde Gertrude Stein (1874–1946), an American expatriate living in Paris, famous for her line "Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose," was also an important literary force during this time period. Cheers. Shaw's career began in the last decade of the 19th century, while Synge's plays belong to the first decade of the 20th century. In terms of the Euro-American tradition, the main periods are captured in the bipartite division, Modernist literature and Postmodern literature, flowering from roughly 1900 to 1940 and 1960 to 1990 respectively, divided, as a rule of thumb, by World War II. British modernists include Joseph Conrad, E. M. Forster, Dorothy Richardson, Virginia Woolf, and D. H. Lawrence. Although we chose Mrs Dalloway as Woolf’s best novel in our pick of the greatest 1920s novels, really there’s little to choose between that novel (set on just one day, like Ulysses) and this 1927 novel, which focuses on the Ramsay family during their visits to the Isle of Skye just before, during, and after the First World War.  Also from the West Indies is George Lamming (born 1927), who wrote In the Castle of My Skin (1953), while from Pakistan, came Hanif Kureshi (born 1954), a playwright, screenwriter, filmmaker, novelist and short story writer. It has been described by writer Colin Wilson as the "greatest novel of the twentieth century", and was a central influence on C. S. Lewis's Space Trilogy.. The novel won the U.S. National Book Award for Fiction in 1953 – not bad for a book Ellison had started to write in a barn in 1945 while on leave from the Merchant Marine! The Mersey Beat poets were Adrian Henri, Brian Patten and Roger McGough. <.  An important dramatist in the 1920s, and later, was Irishman Seán O'Casey (1880–1964). I have always been unable to see why Gatsby should be a great book. Recommended edition: To the Lighthouse n/e (Oxford World’s Classics). Most titles can be . The Edwardian novel was essentially a novel of ideas including in its scope, a free discussion of all kinds of ideas; scientific, social, political industrial and so forth. But while modernism was to become an important literary movement in the early decades of the new century, there were also many fine writers who, like Thomas Hardy, were not modernists. The literature of the 17thcentury flourished under the patronage of the upper classes. Librivox Free Audiobook. In fact, many of the towering figures of 20th-century English literature were not English; Shaw, Yeats, Joyce, O'Casey, and Beckett were Irish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, T. S. Eliot was born an American, and Conrad was Polish. The American exponent of Naturalism Theodore Dreiser's (1871–1945) Sister Carrie was also published in 1900. Noted writers in the field of comic books are Neil Gaiman, and Alan Moore; Gaiman also produces graphic novels.  The novel The Scarlet Pimpernel was published soon after the play opened and was an immediate success. We’ll conclude this pick of classic twentieth-century novels with another dystopian book, published in 1985 but still viewed by many readers as prescient of twenty-first-century attitudes to women’s bodies and the power of the patriarchy. Thirty-two of these are excluded from this composite version for various reasons (published prior to the 20th century, not novels, not fictional works, not originally written in English), but this still leaves an impressive 221 works to represent the best of the century.  It was also in 1939 that another Irish modernist poet, W. B. Yeats, died. at the Lyric Hammersmith in April 1958, before transferring to the Garrick Theatre. Also in the 1920s and later Noël Coward (1899–1973) achieved enduring success as a playwright, publishing more than 50 plays from his teens onwards. In this novel we really see Woolf’s use of interiority – sometimes named (or misnamed) stream of consciousness – come into its own, especially in those sections focalised through the artist, Lily Briscoe. Best British Novels of the 20th Century show list info. It is both a continuation of the experimentation championed by writers of the modernist period (relying heavily, for example, on fragmentation, paradox, questionable narrators, etc.) Not that book I reread every two years. Although an overtly psychological approach is found among the earliest English novels, such as Samuel Richardson’s Pamela (1740), which is told from the heroine’s point of view, and Laurence Sterne’s introspective first-person narrative Tristram Shandy (1759–67), the psychological novel reached its full potential only in the 20th century. Irish playwrights George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950) and J.M. Mortimer is most famous for Rumpole of the Bailey a British television series which starred Leo McKern as Horace Rumpole, an aging London barrister who defends any and all clients. From 1940 into the 21st century, American playwrights, poets and novelists have continued to be internationally prominent. View Academics in 20th century English novel on Academia.edu. As more people moved to cities in Europe and America, novelists used urban environments as backdrops for the stories they told. The drawing room plays of the post war period, typical of dramatists like Terence Rattigan and Noël Coward were challenged in the 1950s by these Angry Young Men, in plays like John Osborne's Look Back in Anger (1956). Agatha Christie (1890–1976) was a crime writer of novels, short stories and plays, who is best remembered for her 80 detective novels as well as her successful plays for the West End theatre. Christie's works, particularly those featuring the detectives Hercule Poirot or Miss Marple, have given her the title "Queen of Crime", and she was one of the most important and innovative writers in this genre. Of his nonfiction, Charles Dickens: A Critical Study (1906) has received some of the broadest-based praise[by whom?]. English novelist and screenwriter Ian McEwan (born 1948) is another of contemporary Britain's most highly regarded writers. Kipling's works include The Jungle Books (1894–95), The Man Who Would Be King and Kim (1901), while his inspirational poem "If—" (1895) is a national favourite and a memorable evocation of Victorian stoicism. Perhaps the best known of these is James Joyce's "Dubliners," a series of short stories that all take place in various locales in Dublin. The Kailyard school of Scottish writers, notably J. M. Barrie (1869–1937), creator of Peter Pan (1904), presented an idealised version of society and brought of fantasy and folklore back into fashion. Fleming chronicled Bond's adventures in twelve novels, including Casino Royale (1953), Live and Let Die (1954), Dr. No (1958), Goldfinger (1959), Thunderball (1961), and nine short story works. Include Kipps ( 1905 ) and Enduring Love ( 1997 ), the world! Was Irishman Seán O'Casey ( 1880–1964 ) article, Dr Oliver Tearle, an... The American exponent of Naturalism Theodore Dreiser 's ( 1907–1973 ) career in! [ 38 ] Samuel Beckett wrote a number of post Second world War writers from the start—its rise preeminence. Of intellectual issues which he tackles in different plays good and evil and their relationship with existence defamiliarisation into.... T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound and novelist William Faulkner 's the Sound and the beginning of the century! 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